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UI in the News

September, 2002

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UI NEWSPAPER STUDY CITED (Columbia Journalism Review, Sept./Oct. 2002)
In a piece commenting about how newspapers can help themselves, several studies are cited. A University of Oregon study concluded that a medium-size paper paginating fifty pages a day would need to add more than one shift daily to handle the work. "Yet a survey by UNIVERSITY OF IOWA researchers found that only 11 of 46 papers had increased their staff at all. Thus did savings improve the bottom line -- at the cost of further undermining newspapers' credibility."

In the battle between bugs and drugs, the bugs are scoring some big wins. Scientists here at an international meeting of the American Society for Microbiology warn that disease-causing microbes are becoming immune to a growing list of antibiotics, and new antibiotics and vaccines are barely keeping ahead of them. "There are patients today in hospitals for whom there are no effective therapies," says GARY DOERN, director of clinical microbiology at the University of Iowa, a panelist at a briefing of the International Forum on Antibiotic Resistance.
The story also ran Sept. 30 on YAHOO! NEWS.

Earth's climate is heating up, but humans can slow the rising mercury, said a team of climate researchers working with a virtual climate computer simulation. The NASA-funded study used what is called the SI200 computer model to reconstruct 50 years of Earth's past climate and then look 50 years into the future. Among their findings is that global warming will continue regardless of reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Fortunately the rise could be kept to as little as 1.3 degrees Fahrenheit, instead of up to 3.6 degrees. "Those are the ranges of temperature changes that have moved us from glacial to interglacial periods," said GREGORY CARMICHAEL, an atmospheric scientist and dean at the University of Iowa. So a little temperature can have big consequences, he said.

A UNIVERSITY OF IOWA student wants to start a group on campus that promotes the legalization of marijuana. Andy Williams, 22, of Urbandale wants to form a chapter of The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, a nonprofit group. Williams said he hopes the student government will accept the club at its Oct. 15 meeting. "People don't know the positive medical effects of marijuana or that moderate cannabis smoking does not harm the user," said Williams, a senior.

Minority undergraduate enrollment at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA is at its highest level. The increase in minority undergraduates coincides with the university's highest enrollment of new freshmen, officials said. Undergraduate minority enrollment is 1,679, up 62 from last year. A total of 2,568 minority students enrolled this fall, 45 more than last fall. University officials said Friday that the total minority student enrollment increase was dampened by a drop in the number of graduate and professional students, down 17 from last fall to 889. The figures for minority enrollment do not include the 2,142 foreign students who are attending the university on student visas. Last year's figure was 2,026.

The Cedar Rapids Area Chamber of Commerce is pushing for a merger of local government technology, saying it would save taxpayers money. The chamber released results of a study that concludes taxpayers could save $686,576 a year if the City of Cedar Rapids and Linn County combined their information technology departments. The study was conducted by a UNIVERSITY OF IOWA graduate student with help from chamber members. Over 20 years, the savings from eliminating duplicated computer efforts would grow to $13.7 million, the report projects.

Advertisements seeking candidates for a new UNIVERSITY OF IOWA president will begin appearing in higher education trade journals next week. The first in a series of classified ads seeking a successor to Mary Sue Coleman will run in the Oct. 4 and Oct. 11 editions of the Chronicle of Higher Education, a trade paper widely read by academics. Coleman left Iowa City in July to become president of the University of Michigan.

FILM CREW IN IOWA CITY (Omaha World Herald, Sept. 29)
UNIVERSITY OF IOWA students may be part of a new reality television show on the MTV network. A camera crew for the proposed "College Reality" show was in Iowa City on Sept. 21 to follow a group of students around for a night of drinking, dancing and kissing at two popular Iowa City bars and a private party. Kosta Giannoulias, 22, of Chicago, a graduate of Miami University of Ohio, is host of the proposed show. He accompanied the students to the downtown Iowa City bars for the taping of the pilot to be pitched to MTV. An official at the Stepping Up Project, a program aimed at curbing drinking in Iowa City, said she didn't know about the taping. "I am disappointed that the UI has the party school image," said Carolyn Cavitt, interim coordinator of the Stepping Up Project.

PEEK-ASA EXAMINES SHOOTING (Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Sept. 29)
On July 29, Union City library employee John Eggleston shot branch manager Gladys Dennard six times and himself once. Dennard had initiated several personnel actions against him, leading up to disciplinary hearings. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution obtained hundreds of pages of records from the Fulton County police investigation and library personnel records under the Georgia Open Records Act. At the newspaper's request, some of the documents were reviewed by CORINNE PEEK-ASA, a professor of occupational health at the University of Iowa's Injury Prevention Research Center. She is a former research director of the South California Injury Prevention and Research Center at UCLA and has studied injury control and prevention for more than a decade. Peek-Asa said Dennard's requests for an officer at the disciplinary meetings were cause for concern. "Once she felt fearful enough to bring police in, that was time to think about a restraining order and definitely think about not having those two individuals interact together," she said. As for what happened July 23, "the waiting until he knew she was alone, that's a very clear dangerous signal," Peek-Asa said.

In their 1998 book "Void Where Prohibited: Rest Breaks and the Right to Urinate on Company Time," MARC LINDER and INGRID NYGAARD of the University of Iowa --he's a law professor, she's a urogynecologist -- trace the long and ignoble history of the struggle for the right to pee on the job. In 1995, for instance, female employees at a Nabisco plant in Oxnard, Calif., maker of A-1 steak sauce and the world's supplier of Grey Poupon mustard, complained in a lawsuit that line supervisors had consistently prevented them from going to the bathroom. Instructed to urinate into their clothes or face three days' suspension for unauthorized expeditions to the toilet, the workers opted for adult diapers. But incontinence pads were expensive, so many employees downgraded to Kotex and toilet paper, which pose severe health risks when soaked in urine.

A story about Democratic challenges to incumbent Republican members of Congress this fall -- including Dr. Julie Thomas' bid for the seat held by U.S. Rep. Jim Leach for 26 years -- says that in midterm elections, history is on the side of Democrats. Only one time since 1934 has the political party of a sitting president gained seats in the House. Conventional wisdom this year, however, may tilt toward Republicans. Democrats had hoped to frame the Nov. 5 elections as a referendum on the languishing economy and the corporate scandals that eroded confidence on Wall Street, but those issues have been overshadowed on a national scale and have not emerged as top concerns in many House races. "We're going to have a really close margin either way," said MICHAEL LEWIS-BECK, a professor of political science at the University of Iowa. "It will be only by one or two seats."

UI political science professor MICHAEL LEWIS-BECK is interviewed about how the mid-term elections could affect the sluggish economy. He discusses his mid-term election forecast, which calls for the Democratic party to gain control of the House of Representatives and strengthen its majority in the Senate. Lewis-Beck notes that the party in the White House historically loses an average of 24 Congressional seats in mid-term elections, but his forecast calls for Republicans to lose only 11 -- eight in the House and three in the Senate. "The bad news for Republicans is that they only have a six-seat majority" in the House, Lewis-Beck says. He notes that the predicted losses in the Senate are in part the result of having 20 seats being contested -- an unusually high number of exposed seats. (Sound Money is a program of Minnesota Public Radio. You can listen to the entire program or listen to each segment individually at the following link.)

HAWKEYES CITED IN CELL PHONE STORY (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sept. 28)
Stuff a hundred thousand college football fans into a confined area and you'll get an explosion of noise, a rush of adrenaline and an avalanche of something else -- cell phone calls. Half a million of them, or more. Just ask the people who scramble to meet demand during Penn State University home games. Maybe it's a sign of how pervasive wireless technology has become, or just the urgency of finding the right tailgate party, but whatever the cause, if Saturday's midday match against the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA was going to be like any other football Saturday in State College, the airwaves would be as overstuffed as either team's front line.
The same story ran Sept. 28 on YAHOO! NEWS.

According to the Iowa Electronic Market (IEM), a real market in congressional futures, control of Congress will most likely remain split after the Nov. 5 elections. The market in congressional futures operates on computer systems at the Henry B. TIPPIE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA; traders can gain access through the World Wide Web. Here's what an analysis of the market by Goldman, Sachs economists shows: As the biggest change, Republican chances have improved since last month. As of Sept. 19, the IEM quotes gave a 42.7 percent chance that either party would control either the House or Senate and a 63.5 percent probability to the GOP retaining control of the House. That's a sharp rise over the last few weeks. And, the least likely outcome is a Republican takeover of both houses of Congress. The market gives only a 25 percent chance that will happen. The Hill is a Washington, DC.-based newspaper that covers Congress.

An article that promises to take readers deep inside their own brain to help them understand why they invest the ways they do recommends investors build an emotional registry. Remembering what you did is only one way to learn from your own experience, the story says. Emotions can be an excellent guide to what you should and shouldn't do. But to use them as an accurate guide, you need to remind yourself of how you felt after your decisions (and their results). "Regularly evaluating whether an outcome made you feel good or bad," says University of Iowa's ANTOINE BECHARA, "will help you learn from your behavior." Keeping a written record of your feelings -- what Bechara calls an emotional registry -- is a good idea, particularly if you are a younger investor. Store these "feeling records" alongside your trading records.

Dramaturgy remains a phantom profession. Although it's been nearly 30 years since the dramaturg was introduced to America, her/his function is still a mystery to many American theatre artists. A fixture in European, particularly German, theatre, the dramaturg remains on the fringe of the U.S. theatre world, often viewed with suspicion by both the playwright and director, who see no need for a meddlesome scholar straddling the border region between script and performance. The first known use of the term dramaturg in connection to the American theatre appeared in the annual report of the Eugene O'Neill Theater Center in 1968, which had begun assigning people to perform dramaturgical functions at its annual playwrights conference. The field has grown steadily since then, with many of the profession's leaders emerging from Yale. The other major center of dramaturgical training has been the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and, more recently, the American Repertory Theatre Institute for Advanced Theatre Training at Harvard.

The growing problem of drug-resistant bacteria, once confined to hospitals, is now showing up in the general community, an international panel of experts warned. Due to widespread overuse of antibiotics, which has enabled bacteria to become more drug-resistant, "there are patients in the hospital today for whom there do not exist any appropriate therapies," said GARY DOERN, professor of medicine and director of clinical microbiology at the University of Iowa, Iowa City, in summarizing data at a colloquium of the International Forum on Antibiotic Resistance. And the problem is on the move. Although Staphylococcus aureus infections resistant to methacillin, a cousin of penicillin, were once confined to patients in hospitals, there are now some communities in the U.S. where up to 30 percent of such infections outside the hospital are drug-resistant too, said Dr. Doern.,,SB1033084622724249313-search,00.html?collection=wsjie/30day&vql-string=%28%28Doern%29%3Cin%3E%28article%2Dbody%29%3Cor%3E%28article%2Ddoc%2Dtype%3CCONTAINS%3EDoern%29%29

ARTIST ATTENDED UI (Virginian-Pilot, Sept. 26)
Gray-haired and needing a cane, Elizabeth Catlett walks a little slower these days, but she still makes art at an impressive pace. Wednesday evening, she spoke to a full house at the Chrysler Museum of Art, which has purchased a mahogany figure called "Ife" that she carved earlier this year. The demands on Catlett are fierce, for any age. And the internationally known sculptor and printmaker turned 87 in April. She has several commissions for public sculptures in progress and last week opened a major show of her work at the Cleveland Museum of Art. She was born in Washington, D.C., and studied art at Howard University. She earned a graduate degree in fine arts in 1940 from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, where regionalist painter Grant Wood taught her "to paint what you know best." (The Virginian-Pilot is a daily newspaper in Norfolk, Va.)

Iowa Republican Rep. Jim Leach has enjoyed electoral security in a House career that has spanned 26 years. But this year, Leach faces a Democratic opponent, pediatrician Julie Thomas, who is waging an aggressive, well-funded campaign in which she is challenging Leach's effectiveness as a lawmaker and credentials as a centrist. Leach also faces complications posed by a redistricting plan. The new 2nd district does not include Leach's longtime home base of Scott County (Davenport), where he traditionally has rolled up big victory margins. More than half of the district's vote comes out of Linn (Cedar Rapids) and Johnson (Iowa City) counties. Leach currently represents both counties, but he lost both of them in his competitive 1996 race. The academic community at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA in Iowa City helps make Johnson County perhaps the most strongly Democratic jurisdiction in the state. Cedar Rapids gives Linn a Democratic lean.

For many students, the collection of journals available online and in the University's libraries is one of the main ways to research topics for their courses. But this year it may be harder to find up-to-date information as the university libraries eliminate many paper-based subscriptions during tight economic times. Another means for cutting costs are network connections with other Big Ten universities, which allow all students from these schools to access over 60 million volumes. The University of Iowa has made significant cutbacks in journal subscriptions, mainly paper-based journals, said EDWARD SHREEVES, director of collections and information resources at the UI. "This is not an ideal situation for any library because it limits the amount of information available to students and faculty, but we do have very good access to other collections, including the other libraries in the Big Ten. Electronic resources compensated for some of the reductions," Schreeves said. The Michigan Daily is the student newspaper of the University of Michigan.

Defective genes may interact in the majority of cases of ovarian cancer. It's already known that mutations in the tumor suppressor genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 play an important role in hereditary ovarian cancer. But do these two genes interact? Researchers at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA HOSPITALS AND CLINICS have sought to answer this important question. They had already screened a group of women with ovarian cancer for BRCA1 mutations. Now they went back and found that most also had a BRCA2 mutation too. The researchers suggest that it may well be that nearly all cases of ovarian cancer have some dysfunction of both BRCA1 and BRCA2. The challenge now is to work out how the two genes interact to produce the disease, and whether this new understanding might lead to better options for diagnosis and treatment. Health and Age is a web-based medical news and information site based in Basel, Switzerland.!gid1=2235;jsessionid=PZFkeDKROSiiBJWdbuVl7ZL2SYIHEI1i84ztlzdifkY8PNBMiZpq!-1267098578!174479252!7537!7002

Palestinian activist Osama Saba spoke Monday in a lecture co-sponsored by the Illinois Disciples Foundation co-sponsored and titled "The Occupation is Killing Us All." Saba, who was born in Jerusalem, attended the University of Cairo. He returned to Palestine where he worked with the Palestinian ministry of health. In 1996 he came to the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, where he is working on a Ph.D. The Daily Illini is the student paper at the University of Illinois.

UI NOT ALONE IN FINANCIAL CRUNCH (U.S. News & World Report, Sept. 23)
Some of MAYROSE WEGMANN's classes are so crowded that students have to sit on the floor. Such is life at many of the nation's public universities. While the elite private schools get the lion's share of attention, it is the public schools that educate 80 percent of American undergraduates. And it is the public schools that are in crisis. States, desperate to offset revenue shortfalls, are reducing spending dramatically, forcing universities to make painful cuts to their budgets. Appropriations to Wegmann's school, the University of Iowa, have plummeted 18 percent since 2001.

California Gov. Gray Davis has more working against him in his re-election bid than he might have anticipated four years ago. But he can take comfort in this: He's not alone. The nation's economic woes have spread through state capitals like viruses, evaporating surpluses, straining revenues and forcing governors -- be they Democrats or Republicans -- to make decisions that please few and sometimes backfire altogether. Among the worst off is Democrat Tom Vilsack in Iowa. Vilsack, a former state senator and lawyer, was first elected in 1998. In a state with split party affiliation, he quickly found his power checked by a Republican-controlled Legislature determined to maintain tax breaks. "As the economy tanked, revenues declined and for the last two legislative sessions, the battles have been over balancing the budgets," said DAVID REDLAWSK, an assistant professor of political science at the University of Iowa. "Voters to a great extent look at the governor, rather than the Legislature, to lead in tough economic times," Redlawsk said. With higher taxes not an option, there have been cuts across the board, with emphasis on higher education and social services. "He's in trouble not so much because of one thing he's done but because of the overall economic environment," Redlawsk said of Vilsack.

Anthony Doerr, author of the critically acclaimed book, "The Shell Collector," is sojourning at Boise State for the 2002-03 school year. Doerr, who is originally from Cleveland, Ohio, teaches fiction writing workshops to graduate and undergraduate students. Doerr's first book, "The Shell Collector," was published in January of 2002. As an undergraduate student at Bowdoin College in Maine, Doerr was rejected from a poetry writing class because his poems didn't make the cut. Doerr was also denied admittance to the graduate program at the University of Iowa, which is well known for its M.F.A. creative writing program: THE IOWA WRITERS' WORKSHOP. The Arbiter is based in Boise, Idaho.

The highest financial aid merit award at the University of Iowa isn't worth what it used to be, thanks to a 46 percent increase in tuition and fees since 1998, when the Presidential Scholarship was increased to $7,000. The Board of Regents, State or Iowa is considering a 19.1 percent tuition and fee increase for next fall. If approved, tuition and fees will have gone up 74 percent since the last time merit scholarships were increased. "We have concerns, but it's a matter of what priority we put first in the budget," said LOLA LOPES, associate provost for undergraduate education. She said the school has focused its efforts on increasing financial aid for students who need it. However, that trend could make it harder for Iowa to attract the nation's brightest students, such as National Merit Scholars.

UI ENROLLMENT UP 929 STUDENTS (Omaha World Herald, Sept. 22)
Enrollment at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA for the 2002 fall semester totals 29,697, an increase of 929 students from the fall of 2001, the Registrar's Office reported last week. The number of new freshmen totals 4,184, up from 4,005 in 2001.

CHEN COMMENTS ON NADS COSTS (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 22)
The $80 million driving simulator at the University of Iowa may not make enough money to pay expenses this year, forcing officials to raise the $1,000-an-hour fee to use the facility. The university has signed deals for about $1 million worth of research on the driving simulator since April, but it's still unclear whether that's enough for the facility to break even. "We are being really cost-conscious, and we'll need to look at it at the end of the first year of operation," said L.D. CHEN, director of the National Advanced Driving Simulator. "The university wouldn't make a profit since this is nonprofit, but we do need to recover the costs."

SOLL FIGHTS HOG ODOR WITH SOUND (Houston Chronicle, Sept. 21)
Researchers say they've found a way to take some of the sting out of hog manure's stench: Bombard it with a little ultrasound. DAVID SOLL, a biological sciences professor at the University of Iowa, has applied for a patent on ultrasound technology that cuts by 50 percent the buildup of hydrogen sulfide, a key odor-producing ingredient in hog manure. Scientists, hog farmers and pork industry officials say the technology could be an inexpensive, environmentally safe approach to deal with a major complaint against factory hog farms in the top pork-producing state.

UI GRADUATION RATE CITED IN STORY (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 20)
The University of Nebraska-Lincoln is making progress on a number of fronts, including research funding, but it still lags peer schools in such areas as minority enrollment, a UNL report card shows. In the report, released Thursday, UNL evaluates itself on a range of topics, including undergraduate education, research and service to the state. This is the first year of the report, which will be annual. The report is part of an effort to elevate UNL into the top 30 among public peer institutions. UNL's report also shows gains in the university's six-year graduation rate, even though it still lags the average of peer schools, which include Iowa State University and the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.

UI PROFS WORRY ABOUT BUDGET (Chronicle of Higher Education, Sept. 20)
For a scholar who studies the past, KENNETH J. CMIEL is spending a lot of his time lately worrying about the future. As chairman of the University of Iowa's history department, Cmiel faces some unpleasant realities. His department is short four professors and has lost two teaching assistants, while enrollment is at a record high. The caps on already-full classes are being raised. "Things are headed in a direction that isn't very good," Cmiel says. The University of Iowa has been hit hard by budget cuts in the past two years. The state legislature slashed $30.4-million from the university's budget last year and an additional $14.6-million this year, reductions of 12 and 6 percent, respectively. While the university has compensated somewhat with sharp tuition increases (20 percent this year), the reduced state support means that 130 full-time teaching jobs have disappeared, most of them vacant positions that will not be filled. Also quoted in the story are LINDA K. KERBER, PAUL R. GREENOUGH, JEFFREY L. COX and SHELTON STROMQUIST.

GERDINS DONATE $5 MILLION (Chronicle of Higher Education, Sept. 20)
The paper's Gifts & Bequests column cites a $5 million gift to the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA for its athletics program from Russell A. and Ann Gerdin.

MANDERSCHEID QUOTED (Chronicle of Higher Education, Sept. 20)
A few universities report problems finding teaching assistants when graduate students who were expected to lead class sections were unable to enter the country in time for the start of the academic year because of visa delays. At the University of Iowa, the mathematics department has had to cope with the loss of several foreign teaching assistants, including three of the five who were expected to direct a tutoring center. Iowa is one of several colleges that have reported a higher rate of visa denials, particularly among applicants from China. So far this year, 51 students and scholars who were supposed to attend the university have been denied entry to the United States, officials say. "This is a situation where you want this person in the program, and you want to leave the slot open for them," says DAVID MANDERSCHEID, chairman of the math department. "But on the other hand, you don't know if they're ever going to get the visa."

CARLSON COMMENTS ON SEARCH (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 18)
A member of the Board of Regents, State of Iowa questioned Thursday whether conservative philosophies were being considered in the search for a new president of the University of Iowa. Regent Clarkson Kelly of Charles City said the search committee's criteria acknowledged diversity standards such as gender and race. But he said he saw nothing about seeking a "diversity of ideas" in the candidates. JONATHAN CARLSON, a University of Iowa law professor who heads the search committee, said the group would consider all viewpoints in seeking candidates. Iowa is seeking a replacement for Mary Sue Coleman, who left in July to become president of the University of Michigan. Carlson said his committee hopes to meet the Regents' timeline of naming a new president in January.

UI FAN IS TARGET OF HUSKER PRANK (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 18)
Call it a case of the police pilfering a prairie dog. The purported prank happened in June and involved four off-duty police officers who took a 5-foot fiberglass prairie dog statue named "Husker Prairie Pride Dog." While the mayor and police chief say the four officers have been punished for a dumb mistake, one City Council member said Tuesday that the officers should make a public apology and face a harsher penalty than a one-day suspension without pay. On June 27, four off-duty South Sioux City police officers took the "Husker Dog" and placed it on the porch of a fellow officer, a UNIVERSITY OF IOWA football fan, as a joke. But while the prank was underway and before the statue could be returned, at least two people called to report the statue stolen.

A 15-year-old high school football player in Pemberton Township, N.J., collapsed at practice of an apparent asthma attack and died a short time later at a Mount Holly hospital, officials said yesterday. The news of Dominique Johnson's 3:45 p.m. death on Monday spread rapidly throughout the school community, and school officials arranged for an additional psychologist at the high school yesterday morning as the students arrived. Dr. JOHN WEILER, a professor at the University of Iowa College of Medicine and a physician in their hospital system, has studied asthma extensively in athletes, and is a member of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology's sports committee. Asthma causing a sports-related death, Weiler said, "is an uncommon event at best. It's rare." is a website for a family of New Jersey newspapers, including The Star-Ledger, The Trenton Times and the Jersey Journal.

The Iowa Board of Regents is being asked to approve mandatory fee increases that average 43 percent at the three state universities, besides an average 18 percent tuition increase. The proposal calls for fees at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA to increase from $499 this year to $651 next year. The bulk of that increase would be for a new "building fee" to replace funds now being diverted from tuition to subsidize planning and building new campus facilities. The mandatory student fee increases average 43 percent: 31 percent at Iowa, 64 percent at Iowa State University and 35 percent at the University of Northern Iowa.

Faculty leaders at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA are considering allowing some professors to concentrate on research without teaching classes. Some members of the Board of Regents, State of Iowa say that will be a difficult sell to legislators and Iowa taxpayers. "The perception is that professors are there to teach," Regent David Fisher said. "It would be hard to convince them that we're going to pay someone more than $100,000 a year, and they're not going to teach." Currently, tenure and clinical are the two tracks available for Iowa faculty. Tenure-track faculty members are evaluated on their performance in teaching, research and service. Professors in the clinical track, which was added in 2000, are evaluated on their performance in teaching and service. Professors in the proposed research track would be evaluated on their performance in research and perhaps some service.

This week marks the beginning of a 600-person, 2,800-mile relay from Washington State to the steps of the U.S. Supreme Court in an effort to heighten national awareness of erosion of Indian sovereignty on reservation lands. Though the current composition of the Supreme Court has been particularly insensitive to assertions of tribal sovereignty, it is a trend that has been long in the making, said ROBERT ODAWI PORTER, a law professor at the University of Iowa, and a member of the Seneca Nation of New York. "You might look at (recent) cases as a more virulent form of the court's anti-sovereignty agenda, but looking over the long history of the court begrudgingly acknowledging the sovereignty of Indian nations, in the long run I don't think it makes any difference," Porter said. "It's a long history of loss." For 30 years, tribes have tended to let their lawyers do their fighting in issues of sovereignty. But lawyers advocating for American Indian tribes have to work in a hostile legal climate, "fine-tuning the erosion," Porter said.

TWO GATEWAY CHIEFS ATTENDED UI (San Diego Union-Tribune, Sept. 17)
A story that explores whether Gateway -- whose shares traded at an eight-year low yesterday -- is considering a management-led buyout says Gateway's chief executive Ted Waitt dropped out of the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA to work at the company, as did former senior vice president of products and solutions Bart Brown. Brown resigned from the company about three weeks ago to pursue other interests.

SAGEN: 'IT'S BEEN A TOUGH YEAR' (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 17)
Students and faculty at Iowa universities say the stress level is high and growing higher, especially as officials consider record tuition increases. "It's been a tough year for everyone," said MAILE SAGEN of the University of Iowa Office of the Ombudsperson. Concerns about tuition, terrorism and job security led to an all-time high in the number of students, faculty and staff seeking guidance last year, according to a report released by Sagen's office. The office -- created to help students and staff find support on campus -- reportedly opened 393 new cases last year, a 27 percent increase from the previous year. The tragedy of Sept. 11, a fire that destroyed the dome at the Old Capitol, the uncertainty of the state's budget situation and tuition increases caused "considerable campus turmoil," the report said.

PORTER COMMENTS ON INDIAN GAMING (Indian Country Today, Sept. 16)
Upcoming gaming compact negotiations between state officials and the Sac and Fox Tribe of Mississippi in Iowa are likely to include talk of requiring contributions from the Meskwaki Casino near Tama, a clause experts say is becoming increasingly common in Indian gaming compacts. None of the current compacts provide for payments to the state in lieu of taxes or in contributions, something University of Iowa Law Professor ROBERT ODAWI PORTER says is becoming common in renegotiated compacts. Initial compacts negotiated under the federal Indian Gaming Act don't have provisions for payments to state governments, but prohibits such payments, Porter said. But tribes are increasingly using payments to sweeten the deal for states that may be reluctant to allow gaming or its expansion, he said. Nationally, it is becoming a common focus of compact renegotiation. "That's when the states come back saying they want a cut," he said. "And the tribes -- they're half-pregnant with casinos. They're not going to say no."

O'CONNOR ATTENDED UI (Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Sept. 16)
Drive up the hidden dirt road to Andalusia, the farm where Flannery O'Connor wrote most of her work, and the literature seems to grow right out of the sandy soil. The Flannery O'Connor-Andalusia Foundation's goal is to create here a sort of miniature Old Sturbridge Village in Massachusetts, where visitors can see the farm the way it was when O'Connor sat in the front bedroom, pecking away at her portable Underwood. O'Connor moved to Andalusia in 1951 after being hospitalized for lupus, a systemic disease that would take her life 13 years later. She had already graduated with a master of fine arts degree from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA; lived for a while in the Connecticut garage apartment of Sally Fitzgerald, her future biographer; published several short stories and written a few chapters of what would become her first novel, "Wise Blood."
This article also appeared Sept. 16 on the Web site of Cox News Service:

Dental hygienists are at risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome, a painful and sometimes debilitating wrist condition, according to researchers. Their survey of 95 dental hygienists found that 93 percent reported at least one musculoskeletal disorder in the past year, particularly in the region of the wrist and hand, the neck, and the upper back. The finding of a high prevalence among dental hygienists is not surprising, given that dental hygienists repeatedly and forcefully grip small instruments when they are cleaning teeth, note Dr. DAN ANTON from the University of Iowa in Iowa City, and colleagues.

SCHOENBAUM WRITES BOOK REVIEW (Charlotte Observer, Sept. 16)
DAVID SCHOENBAUM, UI history professor, reviews the book "Militant Islam Reaches America," by Daniel Pipes.
This article originally appeared Aug. 28 in the New York Times:

Gov. Vilsack is working with Army officials to pressure a civilian contractor to release former workers' medical records. The Army contracts American Ordnance to operate the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant. UNIVERSITY OF IOWA researchers are working to assess former nuclear weapons workers' health to help them or their survivors apply for federal compensation for work-related illness. They've complained that American Ordnance has refused to cooperate. Plant officials couldn't be reached for comment.

By using highly charged orbiting space tethers, the Earth's cocoon of menacing and deadly radiation belts, called Van Allen Belts, might be easily and largely aced out. For one, satellites in the future could live longer not having to fend off the frenzy of energetic particles. Moreover, human-carrying spacecraft would be far safer zooming about in Earth orbit or speeding outward to distant destinations. The novel concept is called the High Voltage Orbiting Long Tether (HiVOLT) System -- a proposal from Tethers Unlimited, Inc. of Lynnwood, Washington. With the launch in 1958 of America's first satellite -- Explorer 1-- a team of scientists led by JAMES VAN ALLEN of the University of Iowa first detected an inner radiation zone around our planet. It was later dubbed the Van Allen Belt.

State safety officials are questioning whether the city should have informed employees of a sewer contractor about the risks of working in sewers. Two workers died and five others were injured in July while working on a city project. The Iowa Occupational Safety and Health bureau issued fines totaling $808,250 against the Missouri company hired to do the work for allegedly ignoring safeguards. One citation suggests that the city should have also understood the risks. BILL HEITBRINK, associate professor in the University of Iowa's Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, said he doubts that the city ultimately will be held liable for the accident because Insituform controlled the work and the site. "The city should know what's in its sewers," he said. "But I don't think there's any hope of the contractors' lawyers getting them off the hook. What the city failed to do in no way excuses what the contractor failed to do."

A story about the tough political race brewing between incumbent Iowa Republican Congressman Jim Leach and challenger Julie Thomas says Thomas recently spoke at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. The story says Thomas has acquired substantial financial and political support through fundraisers and other events and activities, and as of June 30 had more cash on hand than Leach -- $432,801 to $146,511. But Leach suggests he has something more important -- the moral high ground. He vows to abide by longstanding commitments to accept no political action committee money or out-of-state money, and to run no negative advertising. Asked at the UI by an insistent young student why she didn't abide by similar policies, Thomas responded, "I don't apologize for PAC's," referring to political action committees and arguing that they provided a way for people, especially working people, to pool their money to have a voice.

Gov. Tom Vilsack is working with Army officials to pressure a civilian contractor that runs an Iowa ammunition plant to release former workers' medical records. American Ordnance is contracted by the Army to operate the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant in southeast Iowa. University of Iowa health researchers have complained in recent months that American Ordnance officials have refused to cooperate in the release of the X-rays and other medical records. "Up until seven months ago, (plant officials) were incredibly helpful," said Dr. LAR FUORTES of the College of Public Health at the university. "They were assisting people in getting these records. Now for six months they have stonewalled everyone."

The University of Nebraska at Omaha has just taken possession of a harpsichord from former University of Nebraska Medical Center radiologist Paul M. St. Aubin. The instrument, which was built by University of Iowa musicologist EDWARD KOTTICK, will be dedicated at a free recital today at 4 p.m. in the UNO Art Gallery in the Weber Fine Arts Building on campus.

ARNOLD TO DONATE TO CANCER CENTER (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 15)
An Iowa-born film and television personality said he plans to donate money to the University of Iowa's new J. Hayden Fry Center for Prostate Cancer Research. Tom Arnold, a native of Ottumwa, returned to the state to cover Saturday's Iowa-Iowa State football game for Fox Sports. Arnold toured the research center on Friday with former Iowa football coach HAYDEN FRY. A prostate cancer survivor, Fry is a contributor to the university's ongoing effort to create a $10 million endowment to run the research center. Fry thanked Arnold for his interest in the project, encouraging Arnold, 43, and all men to be screened for prostate cancer, the second most common cause of cancer deaths in men after lung cancer. The research center is located in a 10,000-square-foot area of the university's new 38,000-square-foot Medical Education and Biomedical Research Facility.

University of Iowa scientists have for the first time combined gene therapy strategies and a process that interferes with gene expression to silence, or turn off, genes in living animals (mice). The gene-silencing process, which occurs naturally in many organisms, is known as RNA interference. The UI study could provide a basis for new antiviral therapies and treatments for certain inherited genetic diseases. The technique also could help researchers understand the functions of newly identified genes. The study appears in the Sept. 16 early online release from the journal Nature Biotechnology. Normally, when a gene is turned on, or expressed, a series of events is set in motion, which results in the production of a protein. However, RNA interference disrupts gene expression by targeting an intermediate molecule called mRNA for degradation. Specifically, a hairpin-shaped molecule called small interfering RNA (siRNA) binds to mRNA, causing its removal. As a result, little or no protein is produced and thus gene expression is silenced. Such silencing could be useful to prevent the production of proteins that are harmful to the body. BEVERLY DAVIDSON, Ph.D., the Roy J. Carver Chair in Internal Medicine at the UI, and colleagues, used their expertise to build a gene therapy vector to deliver genetic information into cells of mice and thus direct those cells to make specific siRNA molecules. is a news and information website based in Berkeley, Calif.;jsessionid=IVTLDOFBUXP1LR3FQLMCFEWHUWBNSIV0?action=view&contentItem=83662440&Page=1

Columnist GORDON MCLAUGHLIN, who is participating in the UI International Writing Program, writes about the degradation of television news since his first visit to the U.S. 30 years ago. "Bearing in mind that I think the best American newspapers are the best anywhere," he writes, "electronic media has allowed itself and politicians to abuse the language of public discourse. So it was this language problem I tackled when I took part on a UNIVERSITY OF IOWA INTERNATIONAL WRITING PROGRAMME panel on Wednesday on how the world has changed in the past year and what the ongoing effect is likely to be. My case was that American culture is flawed at the public media level by gross sentimentality whipped up by xenophobic television and that the language has taken a sharp turn for the worse since last year." Politicians and the media have used and abused words like "hero," "patriot," "democracy," and "freedom" to a point where they have lost their meaning, he writes.

More than 13,000 Chicago public school students are repeating a grade this year, the highest number since the system began its push to end social promotion in 1996, according to new data. School officials said they plan to investigate this year's puzzling results in math, in which more students than usual flunked their tests. This year, it was difficult for parents to determine whether the standard for promotion was actually raised because the system switched to a new form of the Iowa Test of Basic Skills, used a new norming sample for its calculations and changed from grade equivalents to national percentiles. Students had to score at the 24th percentile in both reading and math to pass summer school this year. That percentile, according to STEVE DUNBAR, a University of Iowa professor and co-author of the test, translates into a 2.6 grade equivalent, or the sixth month of second grade, under the old standard. That would be up two months from last year's 2.4, also under the old standard, but lower than the 2.8 required when the policy first began. Sixth-grade summer school students needed to score the equivalent of three months higher than last year, according to Dunbar's calculations. Some 39 percent of them are repeating a grade, up from last year's 19 percent.

Iowans attending the three state universities face a 20 percent increase in tuition and fees on average next school year under a proposal to be considered by the Board of Regents, State of Iowa next week. That follows an 18.5 percent increase for the current school year. A regents' staff analysis of the proposal estimates the total costs for Iowans attending a state university next fall -- including tuition, fees, room, board, books, transportation and personal expenses -- will be $13,982, up from $12,744 this year. "Nationally, we are seeing tuition increase as a percentage of support for public higher education, and to me that's out of whack with the mission of public universities," Interim University of Iowa President WILLARD BOYD said. "I'm pretty zealous about this, and I'll be working throughout the state to try to get this trend reversed." NICK HERBOLD, the UI student government president, said Thursday, "It's too much, especially back to back. It's not just how high this increase is, it's how quickly tuition is going up, regardless of where Iowa is in comparison to other Big Ten schools."

A story reporting that Iowa State University has a record fall 2002 enrollment says the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and the University of Northern Iowa have not yet released enrollment figures. Iowa officials have said that they anticipate breaking last fall's enrollment mark of 28,768.

UI PLANS TO NAME J-SCHOOL AFTER ADLER (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 14)
plans to name a new building the Philip D. Adler Journalism and Mass Communication Building, after the former executive with Lee Enterprises Inc. Lloyd G. and Betty Adler Schermer kicked off the fund-raising for the building with a $3 million gift Thursday. The university said it now will ask the Board of Regents to name the facility for Adler in recognition of the Schermers' donation and Adler's service to the university and to journalism.

The high-profile grudge match that's under way in Iowa's U.S. Senate race spilled over onto the football field Saturday as Democratic Sen. Tom Harkin and GOP Rep. Greg Ganske both watched an even higher profile grudge match between the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and Iowa State football teams. Ganske, who attended the University of Iowa for both undergrad and medical school, co-hosted a pregame tailgate party with the local college Republicans. Harkin, a 1962 Iowa State grad, planned to attend a number of tailgate parties before watching the game. The article, written before the game, asks: "So, will Harkin the Cyclone and Ganske the Hawkeye each root for their respective alma maters, at the risk of offending a huge chunk of Iowa voters? Don't bet on it. According to the campaigns, both candidates are supporting both teams."

If you end up in a hospital intensive care unit (ICU) on a weekend, there's no need to worry about the level of care you'll receive because there are fewer hospital staff on duty. Researchers at the University of Iowa and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Iowa City found the risk of death for people admitted to ICUs from Friday to Monday was 9 percent higher than the risk for people admitted from Tuesday to Thursday. They also found the hospital stays of people admitted to the ICU Friday through Monday were about 4 percent longer than the hospital stays of people admitted mid-week. However, those differences probably have more to do with the condition of the patient than with hospital staffing levels, the researchers say. Their study, published in a recent issue of Medical Care, tracked 156,136 people admitted to 38 ICUs in 28 northeast Ohio-area hospitals from 1991 to 1997. "It turned out that most of the differences were relatively small with respect to mortality and length of stay. We believe those differences were due to the acuity, or severity, of patients' illnesses, not to staffing," says study co-author Dr. GARY ROSENTHAL, a professor of internal medicine at the University of Iowa.

UI RANKED BY U.S. NEWS (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 13)
Two things are unchanged about U.S. News and World Report's annual college rankings: The University of Nebraska-Lincoln remains in the second tier and UNL's chancellor still scoffs at the list. "It's irrational," Chancellor Harvey Perlman said. "It's trying to rank universities on a magic formula." As a second-tier school, UNL ranked between 52nd and 129th. U.S. News does not make public the rankings of schools within the second, third and fourth tiers. Iowa State, the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and the University of Kansas also fell within the second tier. The magazine also has a separate ranking of the top 50 national universities, public only. UNL did not make that list, while Iowa State, the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and the University of Kansas did.

"New Wood-Fired Work" by artists Gary and Daphne Roehr Hatcher is on exhibit at Austin College's Ida Green Gallery through Sept. 28. The husband-and-wife ceramic artists established Pine Mills Pottery in Mineola, Texas, in 1979 after sharing apprenticeships in Europe. Both completed bachelor's degrees from the University of North Texas School of Visual Arts. Daphne Roehr Hatcher has been a full-time studio potter for 23 years. She exhibits widely in invitational and juried exhibitions, both nationally and internationally. In recent years, she has exhibited her ceramic art in the San Angelo Museum of Fine Arts, the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA MUSEUM OF ART, the South Texas Institute for the Arts, the Ohio Craft Museum, the Vermont Clay Studio, and the Dallas Visual Arts Center.$rec=89351?news

DEPUMA'S 'ETRUSCAN FORGERIES' CITED (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 12)
A list of upcoming events at Midwest museums previews "Etruscan Forgeries: The Arts of Profit and Deceit," presented by RICHARD DEPUMA of the University of Iowa, 7:30 p.m. Monday, University of Nebraska-Lincoln's Richards Hall, Stadium Drive and T Street, Lincoln.

A health brief column reports that contrary to what some believed, it is no more risky to be admitted to the hospital on weekends than during the week, according to a study by UNIVERSITY OF IOWA researchers.,,SB1031777000714430835.djm,00.html

UI STUDY OF BREAST CANCER MENTIONED (Women's Health Weekly, Sept. 12)
Unregulated expression of an extracellular enzyme seems to be responsible for the invasiveness of breast cancers. Diminishing its activity at the molecular level could be one way of curbing breast cancer metastasis, researchers suggest. In earlier studies, DAWN A. KIRSCHMANN and colleagues at the Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center at The University of Iowa in Iowa City found that lysyl oxidase (LOX) expression, responsible for degrading the "glue" that holds cells together, is higher in breast cancers that are invasive than in breast cancers that are not. A subsequent study has examined LOX at a molecular level in breast cancer and has determined that LOX and its analogs can be contained at both a genetic level and an enzymatic level in metastatic breast cancer cell lines.
This article also appeared in the Sept. 12 edition of GENE THERAPY WEEKLY:
This article also appeared in the Sept. 10 edition of CANCER WEEKLY:

Mike Gannon has been named president of CRST Flatbed Inc., Birmingham, Ala., and CRST Flatbed Regional Inc., Eldridge, Iowa. Gannon assumes his new responsibilities Sept. 24 at the Birmingham office. Gannon has been with CRST International for over 19 years, holding senior positions in key areas of the organization. Over the past five years, he has been a vice president in CRST Van Expedited, most recently vice president of operations. Gannon has a degree in transportation logistics from Iowa State University and an MBA from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. Trucking is the online presence of the Irvine, Calif.-based Newport Communications, which publishes three magazines covering the trucking industry.

UI STUDENTS DENIED VISAS (China Daily, Sept. 11)
Liu Yang, a Chinese woman who dreamed of studying in the United States, had reason to believe that she was an indirect victim of September 11. She was twice denied a student visa at the United States embassy in Beijing this year. Eager to go abroad to study, Liu had to spend more money to be able to apply to a British institution instead. The newspaper USA Today said on Sunday that U.S. colleges and universities nationwide reported that an unexpected number of foreign students that they had admitted had not shown up this autumn because they had been denied a visa or their applications were being examined further. Most of these foreign students were from Asia or the Middle East. "At the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, 51 students, mostly from China, were denied visas. At least four others, who planned to study physics or chemistry, are undergoing more extensive background checks," the paper said.

A Chicago law firm is one of a half-dozen firms across the country to file similar class-action lawsuits against Wyeth Inc., the drug company that makes the hormone replacement therapy (HRT) drug Prempro. The class-action suits were filed after federal health officials in July halted a clinical study of the risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy. The study of 16,000 women was part of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), which was launched in 1991 by the National Institutes of Health to investigate various health issues of postmenopausal women. Meanwhile, doctors such as University of Iowa gynecology professor SUSAN JOHNSON are busier than ever counseling menopausal women who are concerned about HRT. Johnson, who was an investigator in the WHI study, believes Prempro still is safe for temporary relief of hot flashes, but she would not advise its long-term use. Instead, women should seek other ways to reduce osteoporosis and heart disease, such as diet, exercise, and drugs that build bone density.

UI PARENTS ATTEND CONCERT (Chicago Tribune, Sept. 11)
A couple who attended the Rolling Stones concert in Chicago Tuesday said that they have been fans for more than 30 years and added that their children, both UNIVERSITY OF IOWA students, are also fans and envious of their parents' attendance at the show.

BREDER EXHIBIT CITED (Art Museum Network News, Sept. 11)
"Enacting the Liminal: Intermedia/Works 1964-2002," a retrospective exhibition of more than 70 works by HANS BREDER, F. Wendell Miller distinguished professor emeritus of art at the University of Iowa, is on view at the UI Museum of Art. Intermedia is an interdisciplinary art form that explores connections among a variety of disciplines including visual art, music, literature, religion, dance, physics, philosophy, sociology and psychology. Breder founded the UI Intermedia Program in 1968, making it the first university program to grant the Master of Fine Arts degree in Intermedia art. Breder directed the program for three decades, until his retirement in 2000.

Do patients who are admitted to hospitals on the weekend receive the same level of attention as patients admitted during the regular work week? Is it really significantly riskier to enter the hospital on the weekend? Investigators at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Iowa City who analyzed the relationship between outcomes and day of the week of admission to intensive care units (ICUs). The researchers found that patients admitted to ICUs on the weekend had nearly the same odds of death as those admitted on Friday or Monday.

Gene therapy that converts a patient's lungs into a living, breathing medicine factory could one day eliminate regular drug doses for diabetics and haemophiliacs, new studies suggest. Gene therapy adds working genes to tissues that have defective ones. But most research has focused on supplying lung genes to sick lungs and muscle genes to ailing muscles. In a new twist, James Wilson and his team at the University of Pennsylvania have added to mice lungs a gene that encodes the protein missing from some haemophiliacs' blood. For months thereafter the animals' airways produced the protein, called factor IX, at levels that would treat human patients. "The possibilities are endless," says gene-therapy researcher JOHN ENGELHARDT of the University of Iowa in Iowa City. The lungs could be used to pump out virtually any therapeutic protein, he says, such as insulin or growth hormone.

Since October 2000, more than 100,000 healthy Sailors, Soldiers and Marines have volunteered in the largest vaccine trial in military history to see if the current pneumonia vaccine can reduce the disease among military members. The vaccine, which protects against many strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), is FDA-approved and has been commonly recommended for the elderly, the chronically illness and newborns, especially since some strains are becoming anti-biotic resistant. The vaccine's value in protecting healthy young adults, however, is unproven. Military trainee volunteers from Fort Jackson, N.C., Parris Island, S.C., Great Lakes, Ill., and Fort Leonard Wood, Mo., are participating. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Mayo Clinic and Foundation, the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and Wyeth Pharmaceuticals collaborated with DoD and Navy researchers on the trials. The Navy Newsstand is an online news source for members of the Navy and other branches of the U.S. Armed Forces.

AUTHOR CISNEROS ATTENDED WORKSHOP (Entertainment News Daily, Sept. 10)
A feature on author Sandra Cisneros, whose latest novel is "Caramelo," says Cisneros was born in 1954 in Chicago to a Mexican immigrant father and Mexican-American mother. She published her first book, "The House on Mango Street," in the early 1980s with a small regional publisher. She was, then, the ultimate of unknowns, with a bachelor's degree in English from Loyola University in Chicago, a master's degree from the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA WRITERS' WORKSHOP, but no particular prospects beyond teaching.

The federal government will allow former employees at a nuclear weapons plant in Iowa to talk to doctors and researchers about their exposure to harmful materials, despite an oath the workers took not to discuss details about their jobs. The oaths have been a hurdle for thousands of employees seeking medical care or federal benefits, or who want to take part in health studies. From the late 1940s through the mid-1970s, the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant in Middletown assembled and test-fired nuclear weapons components. It continues to produce conventional weapons. The employee letter says workers may have been exposed to silica, beryllium, solvents, explosives, epoxies and heavy metals. Researchers with the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, working under Department of Energy grants, have been locating and interviewing hundreds of former workers or their survivors in the last year. They hope to determine whether certain illnesses may have been caused by exposure to radiation and other hazardous materials. Evidence of radioactive releases has been found in several locations at the factory.
The same Associated Press story ran Sept. 9 on the website of the BALTIMORE SUN.
The same Associated Press story ran Sept. 9 on YAHOO! NEWS.

GANTZ: YOUNGER IS BETTER FOR IMPLANTS (Tallahassee Democrat, Sept. 9)
Bryana Hargrow was vulnerable at birth, arriving 14 weeks early and weighing less than a pound. For the first month of Bryana's life, her mother could hold her in the palm of her hand. At 8 months, she was profoundly deaf, unable to hear even the noisiest sounds around her. A pair of hearing aids did not help. At 20 months, Bryana underwent surgery to receive a cochlear implant, a device that changes the world for young deaf children, but not without its share of controversy. Implants were introduced in 1982 in adults, and first implanted in children in 1987, says Dr. BRUCE GANTZ, professor of otolaryngology at the University of Iowa, a leader in hearing and speech research, including the impact of cochlear implant technology. It developed one of the world's largest databases on cochlear implants. Currently, about 21,000 Americans, half of them children, have cochlear implants. Gantz considers children ages 1 through 12 the best candidates for implants. "The younger the better," he says, so they can take advantage of learning speech and communication skills from the beginning of their lives with an implant.

UI DOCTORS SAVE TINY PREEMIE (People Magazine, Sept. 9)
When Courtney Jackson was born at 23 weeks gestation, she weighed 460 grams -- a fraction over 1 lb. Just a decade ago, Courtney, known as a micro-preemie, probably would not have survived. Even today, at many U.S. hospitals doctors choose not to treat infants born before 24 weeks and weighing less than 500 grams. "These babies really don't have good success at all," says Dr. JOHN WIDNESS, a neonatal pediatrician at Children's Hospital of Iowa, one of the few facilities whose policy is to try to save them. "Twenty-three weeks in most parts of the United States is still considered a gray area, the edge of life," says Dr. EDWARD BELL, the hospital's director of neonatology. "We are almost at the point where we consider it routine to save 23-week babies."

College Board numbers show 430 professors resigned from Mississippi's eight public universities in the fiscal year that ended June 30, almost four times the number who left in fiscal 1999. ALLAN GUYMON, 33, a former polymer science professor at the University of Southern Mississippi, began work in August at the University of Iowa. The 2 percent raise Mississippi professors got in January was "too little, too late," Guymon said. "Iowa is having budget cuts, too, but last year they gave 4.5 percent raises," said Guymon, who while still on the USM faculty earlier this year was among 60 of the nation's top young scientists honored at a White House reception held by President Bush. Guymon found Iowa's financial package of salary and benefits difficult to turn down. In Hattiesburg he received about $54,000. Iowa offered a 36 percent increase above that. (The Advocate is a daily newspaper in Baton Rouge, La.)
This Associated Press article also appeared Sept. 9 in the (Memphis) COMMERCIAL APPEAL:

The federal government will allow former employees at a nuclear weapons plant in Iowa to talk to doctors and researchers about their exposure to harmful materials, despite an oath the workers took not to discuss details about their jobs. The oaths have been a hurdle for thousands of employees seeking medical care or federal benefits, or who want to take part in health studies. From the late 1940s through the mid-1970s, the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant in Middletown assembled and test-fired nuclear weapons components. It continues to produce conventional weapons. The employee letter says workers may have been exposed to silica, beryllium, solvents, explosives, epoxies and heavy metals. Researchers with the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, working under Department of Energy grants, have been locating and interviewing hundreds of former workers or their survivors in the last year. They hope to determine whether certain illnesses may have been caused by exposure to radiation and other hazardous materials. Evidence of radioactive releases has been found in several locations at the factory.
This Associated Press article also appeared Sept. 10 on the web site of the CHICAGO TRIBUNE:
This Associated Press article also appeared Sept. 10 on HOOSIERTIMES.COM, the Web site of three daily newspapers in and around Bloomington, Ind.: This Associated Press article also appeared Sept. 10 on the Web site of the SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE:

UI BUSINESS COLLEGE RANKED (Wall Street Journal, Sept. 9)
The newspapers annual report on the top business schools in the country, as rated by corporate recruiters lists UNIVERSITY OF IOWA (Tippie) in the tier immediately below the top 50 schools. This report is not archived on the newspaper's Web site.
This report also appeared Sept. 9 on the Web site of the SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE:

According to the U.S. Census Bureau and a United Nations agency, Americans average more time on the job than workers in any other developed nation. From the Civil War to the 1930s, the typical American non-farm workweek dropped from 64 hours to 40, partly thanks to Henry Ford and his decision to pay high wages and allow workers more leisure time so they could drive his automobiles. BENJAMIN KLINE HUNNICUTT, a historian and professor at the University of Iowa, has reported that Ford found that his employees could produce more in five days than in six. Later studies indicate that too many hours can actually reduce productivity and drive up the cost of sick leave, absenteeism, resignations and employee supervision. Inventors and scientists talked about "labor-saving devices," and some social scientists predicted Americans would work only two hours a week by the end of the 20th century, freeing them from the drudgery of work and allowing widespread cultural and community involvement. But it never happened. Instead, historians have written, people began to value work as an end in itself as well as creating wealth needed to keep a consumer-oriented economy growing. As automation improved productivity, people found more work to do rather than cutting back their hours on the job.

KIRCHHOFF COMMENTS ON NEW DRUG (Wall Street Journal, Sept. 9)
Can a drug with great potential to cure a fatal tropical disease but with little potential to make money ever find its way to the people who need it? Victoria Hale, a former Food & Drug Administration staffer, biotech company scientist and unvarnished idealist, believes it can. And the National Institutes of Health and the richly-endowed Gates Foundation are betting big bucks that she is right. If she is, doctors in Latin America may soon be armed with the first new drug in 50 years to fight a severe condition called Chagas disease that afflicts between 16 and 18 million people and causes about 50,000 deaths a year. Of course, a lot can go wrong. Drug development is risky, with many medicines failing even after being tested extensively in people. Even a potent drug might not gain wide use, says LOUIS KIRCHHOFF, a tropical disease expert at the University of Iowa. Dr. Kirchhoff says it will be difficult to persuade poor nations to spend the money to identify who is infected and pay for the drug, even if it is sold at a price that covers its manufacturing and distribution costs.,,SB1031342801517035515.djm,00.html

U.S. colleges and universities nationwide report that an unexpected number of students they admitted from certain countries, primarily in Asia and the Middle East, have not shown up this fall because they were denied visas or their applications are undergoing greater examination. Though the numbers of students affected are relatively small, the tougher post-Sept. 11 scrutiny is frustrating foreign students and U.S. admissions officials and putting a financial strain on some colleges. For example, at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, 51 students, mostly from China, were denied visas. At least four others, who planned to study physics or chemistry, are undergoing more extensive background checks.
The story also ran Sept. 9 on YAHOO! NEWS.

A feature on poet Ted Genoways' 2001 Morse Poetry Prize-winning collection about his grandfather, "Bullroarer: A Sequence," says Genoways lives in Iowa City with his wife and will start a Ph.D. program in literature at the University of Iowa there in the fall, studying Walt Whitman with noted scholar ED FOLSOM.

FORMER UI FILM MAJOR 9-11 VICTIM (San Francisco Chronicle, Sept. 8)
A story about Iowa native Barry Amundson, whose brother, Craig, was aboard the hijacked airplane that crashed into the Pentagon on Sept. 11, says Barry attended the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, where he met his girlfriend, Cedar Rapids native Kelly Campbell. Craig eventually followed Barry to Iowa and was a film major. "He and Barry were alike in many ways," Campbell says. "They both were interested in art and drawing. They both were DJs at the college radio station."

MCGEE COMMENTS ON U.S. 9-11 REACTION (The Recorder & Times, Sept. 8)
, a retired communications professor from the University of Iowa, said he was surprised at the intensity of what he termed America's media-driven hysteria over the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. "I thought we were better tempered than that," McGee said. "We certainly make enough trouble for other nations at other times and I figured we'd be as good at receiving as we are at giving. But we weren't." The Recorder & Times is based in Brockville, Ontario, Canada.

UI REPORTS SECOND WEST NILE CASE (Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 7)
A woman from southeast Iowa has become the second person in the state to test positive for the West Nile virus, officials at University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics said Friday. The woman, whose name was not released, was in fair condition at the hospital, where the tests for the mosquito-borne virus were performed, spokeswoman DIANA LUNDELL said. A blood sample was sent to the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta for confirmation, Lundell said. The woman, who is between the ages of 40 and 60, fell ill about 10 days ago with nausea, vomiting and a headache. The woman, who is being treated for her headache and dehydration, is improving, Dr. JASON BARKER said at a press conference Friday night. He said she was oriented, awake and talking.

The University of Iowa is looking to the Quaker Oats Co. cereal mill in Cedar Rapids as a possible power source. The university is testing the possibility of burning oat hulls and other industrial waste in its power plant, which generates about 30 percent of the electricity used on campus. The university buys the rest from MidAmerican Energy Co. The school expects its average monthly electric bill from MidAmerican will be $650,000 during the current budget year. The university's power plant burns coal and natural gas to generate steam, which drives electrical turbines. "Since July we've been conducting test burns with combustible wastes from the cereal-making process," said FERMAN MILSTER, Iowa's associate director of utilities. He said the tests have looked promising.

An article on the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) upcoming 16th National Congress, where a successor to President Jiang Zemin is supposed to emerge, says that China's political future is unclear. "Looking at democratic progress in Europe, the Americas and even Africa in the 21st century, the unbearable ugliness of Chinese politics becomes painfully clear," the article says. Citing examples of democracy elsewhere in the world, the article points to Africa, "where the winds of democracy are still blowing. According to an article in The New York Times on June 2 that cited World Bank statistics, 42 of 48 countries in sub-Saharan Africa hold free, multiparty elections. In the past two years alone, Senegal, Mauritius, Ghana and Mali have all experienced peaceful transfers of power, with opposition parties coming to power through elections." The article cites a paper by JOEL BARKAN, professor of political science at the University of Iowa, published in the summer 2002 issue of the Harvard International Review, that states that Africa's "first wave of liberation" occurred between 1957 and 1964, when 40 newly independent states established Western-style democratic election systems. This was soon followed by what Harvard professor Samuel Huntington called a "reversal," when military coups by colonels with a bunch of tanks became the norm in Africa south of the Sahara. The Taipei Times is an English-language newspaper based in Taiwan.

People in Iowa, the nation's top producer of pork and eggs, are at risk from flu bugs that can be passed from chickens to hogs to people, a top state health official said. Despite that warning, a committee formed by the Legislature to help counties protect Iowans from health threats from new livestock confinements took no action Wednesday on proposals to keep chickens and hogs apart. It also took no action on a proposal to stop feeding antibiotics to healthy hogs and chickens to make them grow faster. Learning that chicken and hog confinements are built close together "was a revelation to me," said University of Iowa microbiologist MARY GILCHRIST, who serves on the committee. "Instead of going henceforth into a potential disaster of developing new flu strains by having viruses move from poultry to swine, we would be trying to prevent a major problem."

The UNIVERSITY OF IOWA wants to hire the contractor who submitted the second lowest bid for the first phase of the Old Capitol restoration project. The Board of Regents, State of Iowa will be asked to accept the $1.63 million bid from Knutson Construction Services Inc. of Iowa City. Tricon Construction of Dubuque submitted the lowest bid for the first phase of the project. The Old Capitol sustained nearly $6.2 million in damage -- its historic dome was destroyed -- in a fire Nov. 20.

More than 40 years ago, an orthopedic specialist in Iowa named IGNACIO PONSETI came up with what is now known as the Ponseti method, a non-surgical method of repairing clubfoot. It involves casting the feet in children under 6 months of age -- and much younger is much better. He studied clubfoot and honed his technique and assumed that everyone would adopt it, since it avoided surgery, was a pretty short process and worked. Instead, the method was controversial. Surgeons continued to opt for surgery first to correct clubfoot. And though he was training some orthopedic surgeons in the method at the University of Iowa, where he was on staff, word spread slowly. For a long time, anyone who happened to learn of the method had to travel to the University of Iowa to get it done. It's only in the past few years that more and more physicians are looking at it and taking the time to learn it.,1249,405028574,00.html

North Carolina Sen. John Edwards plans to spend at least $1 million in the next nine weeks for television ads featuring him, even though he's not up for re-election. Edwards, a Democrat, must spend the "soft money" held by his political action committee before midnight Nov. 5, when strict campaign finance laws take effect that ban raising or spending such money. Edwards, who is weighing a presidential run in 2004, filmed the ad in his hometown of Robbins last week. … There has been talk of running the television ad in Iowa, home to the nation's first presidential contest. "It would be an interesting way to get a jump on the others," said PEVERILL SQUIRE, professor of politics at the University of Iowa. The Herald-Sun is based in Durham, N.C.

SQUIRE COMMENTS ON EDWARDS AD (Charlotte Observer, Sept. 5)
North Carolina Sen. John Edwards plans to spend at least $1 million in the next nine weeks for television ads featuring him, even though he's not up for re-election. Edwards, a Democrat, must spend the "soft money" held by his political action committee before midnight Nov. 5, when strict campaign finance laws take effect that ban raising or spending such money. Edwards, who is weighing a presidential run in 2004, filmed the ad in his hometown of Robbins last week. He could begin running it as early as this month. The ad is nonpartisan and patriotic and encourages people to vote, according to Edwards' office. There also has been talk of running the television ad in Iowa, home to the nation's first presidential contest. "It would be an interesting way to get a jump on the others," said PEVERILL SQUIRE, professor of politics at the University of Iowa. Squire and other political scientists could not recall an example of a presidential wannabe running television ads during a non-presidential election year in which he wasn't running. Edwards would be unlikely to "get too much negative publicity" from nonpartisan ads, Squire said. "People know he's hot on the presidential trail," he said. "If you're going to go on the air early, that's probably one of the better ways to do it."

Members of the Philippine seaweed processing industry yesterday heaved a sigh of relief after toxicologist Quintin L. Kintanar assured that there is no evidence linking carrageenin to mammary cancer. Mr. Kintanar, a consultant of the Department of Agriculture (DA), said American researcher JOANNE TOBACMAN admitted to him that the connection was "pure speculation." "There's nothing to worry about. She (Ms. Tobacman) admitted that it was a hypothesis. In fact, it was published in a journal of hypotheses. It was just apparently because the media picked it up that it became big news. But it's not news because there's no evidence," Kintanar told around 300 delegates to the 3rd National Seaweed Conference here. Ms. Tobacman's hypothesis had caused apprehension among the seaweed processors here and members of Marinalg International, a world association of producers of hydrocolloids. The DA and the Seaweed Industry Association of the Philippines (SIAP) sent Mr. Kintanar to the University of Iowa early this year to meet with Ms. Tobacman and to present the Philippine information paper on carrageenin, a gum extract from red seaweeds. (BusinessWorld is published in the Philippines.)

UI GROUP JUDGES ESSAY CONTEST (Orlando Business Journal, Sept. 4)
For the sixth year, Olive Garden is asking young writers from 7 to 16 to tell the nearly-500 restaurant chain how best to feed hungry people in their community as part of its Pasta Tales competition. Winners of the 250-word essay contest in each age category get a $250 savings bond and dinner at a local Olive Garden. The national winner gets a trip to New York City, dinner at the Times Square Olive Garden and a $1,000 savings bond. The essays are judged by the Quill and Scroll Society at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, based on creativity, organization, grammar, punctuation and spelling.

Students at a UNIVERSITY OF IOWA residence hall have swapped traditional keys for white plastic security cards as part of a test of a new building security system. The university is conducting an experiment this fall on keyless security for campus residence halls. The system cost an estimated $10,000, university officials said.

Researchers from the University of Iowa have found a genetic link that might help determine the causes of the most common form of cleft lip and palate. The researchers identified the gene that, when mutated, causes Van der Woude syndrome, a dominantly inherited form of cleft lip and palate that accounts for about 2 percent of all such cases. Researchers hope the research will help them find the cause of the common form of cleft lip and palate that accounts for 70 percent of cases. "Because of the similarities between Van der Woude syndrome and the most common form of the condition, we are hopeful that finding the gene related to Van der Woude is now going to allow us to identify the causes of the common form," said Dr. JEFF MURRAY, professor of pediatrics, pediatric dentistry and biology and one of the report's authors.
A version of the story also ran Sept. 3 on the website of the SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE.

Scientists say twins have helped them identify a faulty gene that accounts for Van der Woude Syndrome, the most common cause of cleft lip or palate associated with other symptoms. About 70 percent of all babies born with a cleft lip or palate are otherwise normal. The most common diagnosis in the other cases is Van der Woude, symptoms of which include distinctive pits in the lower lip. To track down the elusive gene, a team of scientists studied a pair of twins. Only one had the syndrome. A side-by-side comparison of their nearly identical DNA allowed researchers to identify a mutation in a gene called IRF6 as the culprit, said study co-author Dr. JEFF MURRAY of the University of Iowa. The Modesto Bee is based in California.

Iowa's labor market shows no signs of an economic recovery as wages lag and unemployment creeps up, according to a report released Monday. The findings suggest a fundamental weakness in the Iowa economy -- Iowa is a low-wage state, said the report by the Iowa Policy Project, a liberal think tank based in Mount Vernon. The study was done by PETER FISHER, a University of Iowa professor of urban and regional planning, and COLIN GORDON, a University of Iowa associate professor of history. "What appears to be the good news -- an unemployment rate well below the national rate and declining wage inequality -- turns out to reveal underlying problems in the form of a stagnant labor force and a scarcity of higher-wage jobs," Fisher said. Fisher and Gordon conducted the research for the Iowa Policy Project's report on the State of Working Iowa, 2003, which is due in mid-2003.

UI PLANS SEPT. 11 DISCUSSION (Chronicle of Higher Education, Sept. 3)
The UNIVERSITY OF IOWA'S INTERNATIONAL WRITING PROGRAM will play host to a panel discussion, "Reflections on a Global Year: The Worldview, Post-September 11," featuring six international writers.

A story about the University of California-Irvine's graduate program in creative writing, which has produced such recent literary phenomena as authors Alice Sebold, Glen David Gold and Michael Chabon, says the program has long been considered one of the best writing programs in the country. Applications to the class entering this month were up 43 percent, and that was before the recent flood of successes. Even before the sudden boost, it was nearly impossible to get one of the six slots that open each year in the two-year master's of fine arts program. Last year, 327 people competed for the six openings, meaning only 1.8 percent were admitted. It is nearly twice as hard to get into UC Irvine's program as the nation's oldest and best-regarded creative-writing program, the IOWA WRITER'S WORKSHOP AT THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, which annually enrolls 25.

Brazilian twins, identical except for a birth defect, have helped British and American scientists identify a faulty gene that causes an inherited form of cleft lip and palate. One twin had the common birth defect but the other did not. By comparing the DNA of the twins and using information from the Human Genome Project, teams of British and American scientists spotted the gene responsible for Van der Woude syndrome, which accounts for about two percent of cleft lip and palate cases. "It is a very significant finding," said University of Manchester Professor Michael Dixon, who identified the gene with Professor JEFFREY MURRAY and other researchers at the University of Iowa in the United States.
The same story also ran Sept. 2 on the REUTERS website.;jsessionid=KPSERHDVX0HEACRBAEZSFEY?type=scienceNews&storyID=1399318
A version of the story also ran Sept. 2 on the website of the London-based newspaper THE GUARDIAN.,11381,784589,00.html
A version of the story also ran Sept. 2 on the website of the technology magazine WIRED.
A version of the story also ran Sept. 2 on YAHOO! NEWS.

A remarkable pair of almost-identical twins has led a team of geneticists to discover a gene that may play a role in the most common forms of cleft lip and palate. This disfiguring birth defect involves cracks in the lip and roof of the mouth. The twins were noticed by a doctor in Brazil because one was born with a form of cleft lip and palate known as Van der Woude syndrome (VWS), while the other was not. VWS was known to be caused by a single, unidentified gene. Yet genetic analysis showed the twins were identical. Since they developed from the same, fertilized egg, they should have had the same genes. So the researchers theorized that a VWS gene mutation must have arisen after the egg split. "That meant the twins should be identical everywhere, except for one mutation," says JEFF MURRAY at the University of Iowa, whose lab had been searching for this gene for 16 years. "That simplified the hunt and gave us courage to do a lot of DNA sequencing to finally find it."

Dr. JANUSZ BARDACH, a Polish emigrant who suffered five years in a Siberian prison camp and later became one of the most respected plastic surgeons in the world, died Aug. 16 of pancreatic cancer. He was 83 years old. Bardach retired in 1991 after leading the facial and reconstructive surgery program at the University of Iowa College of Medicine. Dr. BRUCE GANTZ, who heads the medical school's otolaryngology department, said Bardach pioneered a surgical technique for repairing cleft lips and palates. It allowed the patients to have fewer surgeries than they would have needed otherwise. Bardach wrote more than 200 scientific articles and 12 books on plastic surgery. But he also wrote, with the help of Kathleen Gleeson, a moving account of his Soviet imprisonment, "Man Is Wolf to Man: Surviving the Gulag," published in 1998. Bardach was sentenced to hard labor after an accident in which, as a Soviet Army draftee, he was driving a tank when it turned onto its side.
This Associated Press obituary also appeared Sept. 2 in the MILWAUKEE JOURNAL-SENTINEL:
A version of this Associated Press obituary also appeared Sept. 1 in the CALGARY HERALD:
A version of this Associated Press obituary also appeared Sept. 1 in the HOUSTON CHRONICLE:
A version of this Associated Press obituary also appeared Sept. 1 in the LOS ANGELES TIMES:
A version of this Associated Press obituary also appeared Sept. 1 in the ST. JOHN'S TELEGRAM:
A version of this Associated Press obituary also appeared Sept. 1 in the SUNDAY ADVOCATE (Baton Rouge, La.):
A version of this Associated Press obituary also appeared Aug. 31 in the OTTAWA CITIZEN:{EE0C4E3A-69F4-414C-ABAD-441395842489}

Louise Rosenfield Noun, 94, who blossomed from a quiet, wealthy matron in Des Moines in the 1940s into an iconoclastic feminist activist, civil libertarian, author and philanthropist, died Friday, Aug. 23, in Des Moines. Ms. Noun traced her devotion to civic causes to what she said was a flash of pride after asking a question in a League of Women Voters meeting in the 1940s. Among her contributions to Iowa politics, said Roxanne Conlin, an Iowa gubernatorial candidate in 1982 and a frequent political collaborator with Ms. Noun, was her financial support of "virtually every woman who ever ran for public office in Iowa on the Democratic ticket." In 1992, Ms. Noun donated a Frida Kahlo painting that sold for $1.6 million to create and endow the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA's women's archives. When she was inducted into the Iowa Women's Hall of Fame in 1981, she said she was proud, but added, "I cannot accept it without expressing regret that we women have to bolster our egos by establishing our own hall of fame."

The paper's website reprinted a poem by Ilze Klavina Mueller, "Night Shift at the Fruit Cannery," from "A Chorus for Peace: A Global Anthology of Poetry by Women," which has been published by the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA.

A feature on author A.M. Homes' newest collection of short stories, "Things You Should Know," which includes a tragicomic story in which Homes imagines the day-to-day lives of Ronald and Nancy Reagan, says Homes graduated from Sarah Lawrence College in 1985, then spent two years at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA WRITERS' WORKSHOP. In 1989, she published her first novel, "Jack." Since then she has written four other novels and "The Safety of Objects."

MBA STUDENT GROSSMAN FEATURED (Business Week Online, September 2002)
MBA student Michael Grossman is one of 10 students selected nationwide to be featured on Business Week Online throughout their two-year degree program. The publication will occasionally run journal entries submitted by Grossman in which he discusses his school experience and career aspirations. The main page where all the featured students are listed is
The first journal entry written by Grossman can be found at

ARTICLE EXPLORES UI HEALTH CARE (Corporate Legal Times, September 2002)
The article explores the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA's involvement in managed healthcare. It says state legislators are now questioning why the university needs taxpayer money for the care of poor patients when it has the finances to support a private healthcare business. The article says the university's troubles began in 1994, after the insurance industry defeated the Clinton administration's healthcare plan. The university wanted to have a hand in the creation of the state's managed-care network because its hospital and the physicians who staffed it would be major providers under the new managed-care protocol. The most efficient way of shaping the system was to invest in the BlueCross BlueShield insurer that was putting managed care together in Iowa. But there was an obstacle. The Iowa Constitution says the state "shall not become a stock holder" in a private corporation. A 1986 opinion by the state's attorney general held that the prohibition pertained to units of state government, which include the university. "We needed a vehicle that would allow us to participate as a partner in the creation of what is now an HMO owned by Wellmark, the Iowa BlueCross BlueShield company," says WILLIAM W. HESSON, associate director for external relations and legal services at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. "So we created a holding company, the University of Iowa Health System."

UI POLICE GET TASERS (Governing Magazine, Sept. 2002)
Iowa officials are hoping a little shock therapy will remove college students' doubts about the ability of campus security officers to respond to dangerous situations. While the Board of Regents, State of Iowa continues to maintain that there is no need for firearms at state universities, officers have been granted permission to tote a high-tech type of stun gun called the M-26 Taser. The Iowa university system is among a handful of large public systems that do not allow their professional, state-certified police officers to carry guns. "None of our campuses are urban," says Charles Wright, the board's legal affairs and human resources director, "and the nature of the communities doesn't seem to warrant it." Along with the acquisition of Tasers, the public safety divisions at the UNIVERSITY OF IOWA and Iowa State University are also changing their names. New badges, car decals and operators now will use the word "police" in another attempt to clear up any uncertainties about the law enforcement power of Iowa university officers.






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