CONTACT: JENNIFER CRONIN
2130 Medical Laboratories
Iowa City IA 52242
(319) 335-9917; fax(319) 335-8034
Release: May 10, 2000
UI orthopaedic surgery department receives $2.58 million grant
IOWA CITY, Iowa -- A University of Iowa Health Care research team has received
a five-year, $2.58 million grant from the National Institute of Arthritis
and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease.
Thomas Brown, Ph.D., the Richard C. Johnston Professor of Orthopaedic Biomechanics,
will lead an investigation focusing on the biomechanics of the hip. The new
project will build on findings from earlier research, including an investigation
involving the UI biomechanics team and Iowa State University researcher Michael
G. Conzemius, D.V.M.
The goal of this new project is to apply computational modeling advances
to study load transmission abnormalities in several orthopaedic disorders
involving the hip. The research involves mechanical design improvements for
total hip replacements, developing better surgical techniques to manage joint
fractures and to treat childhood hip deformities, and a new implant to protect
against hip joint destruction in bone circulatory disease.
Although bioengineering capabilities exist -- in principle -- to quantify
key mechanical factors influencing treatment outcomes for these hip conditions,
current clinical decision making still rests almost entirely on subjective
"We hope that our work leads to better, more scientific ways to determine
what treatments will work best for these important orthopaedic disorders of
the hip joint, which disable large numbers of people," Brown said.
The UI collaborative team of bioengineers and surgeons includes Douglas
Pedersen, Ph.D., a researcher in orthopaedic surgery; Anneliese Heiner, Ph.D.,
a researcher in orthopaedic surgery; John Callaghan, M.D., professor of orthopaedic
surgery; Richard Brand, M.D., professor of orthopaedic surgery and biomedical
engineering; J. Lawrence Marsh, M.D., professor of orthopaedic surgery; and
Stuart Weinstein, M.D., Ignacio V. Ponseti professor of orthopaedic surgery.
University of Iowa Health Care describes the partnership between the
UI College of Medicine and the UI Hospitals and Clinics and the patient care,
medical education and research programs and services they provide.